Presenter Information

Gertrude Fenner D.C.


When the American government called for nurses during the Spanish-American War, 189 of the 282 sisters who responded were Daughters of Charity. Often under great hardship, they served the wounded in several hospitals within the United States and went to the battle lines in Cuba. They joined Spanish Daughters in Puerto Rico. They traveled on hospital ships and dealt with large numbers of typhoid and other fever cases at sea and on land. The Red Cross and other lay nurses often followed the Daughters’ techniques in nursing and ward management. The Daughters’ influence on Florence Nightingale and Clara Barton is also discussed.