College of Science and Health Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award

Summer 8-22-2014

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

Stuhlmacher, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Douglas Cellar, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Suzanne Bell, Ph.D.


Work-life conflict (WLC) occurs when an employee is unable to simultaneously fulfill the responsibilities of their home and work roles. This study attempted to understand the perceptual antecedents of employees’ WLC. Specifically, this study investigated how employees and their leaders think about time and perform their work in regard to time. The temporal perceptions of interest include time urgency, pacing, and future time perspective. Two hundred employees and their supervisors were recruited to participate in this study. Employees completed an online or in-person survey addressing how they structure their time at work, work together with their supervisor, and how their home and work-lives interrelate. Supervisors provided information on their own temporal perceptions and the performance of their employee. Regression was used to examine all hypotheses. The employees’ and leaders’ temporal perceptions and the temporal diversity within the dyad were each expected to uniquely contribute to the WLC of the employee. However, only the employees’ temporal perceptions significantly predicted WLC. No moderations for the hypothesized relationships were found.