"Examining Continent-scale Variation in Aerial Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Communities Using eDNA
Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Bala Chaudhary, PhD
Christie Klimas, PhD
Jess Vogt, PhD
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi form an important symbiosis with plants that make these fungi critical for plant health and ecosystem functioning. Although previous studies have shown that AM fungi disperse through the air, few studies have examined which environmental factors may be impacting their dispersal and aerial community composition, especially at large geographical scales. The goal of this study was to determine which environmental factors influenced air-dispersed AM fungal species composition across five different research sites in the Midwest and Western regions of the United States. By collecting dust at three different heights in the air, using modified Wilson and Cooke (MWAC) dust collectors, aerial AM fungal eDNA was extracted. Species were identified and then analyzed by looking at which biotic and abiotic environmental factors explained variations in aerial AM fungal species richness between the five research sites. Data trends showed that sites at higher elevation levels had greater species richness than lower elevation sites. The results suggest that elevation is a predictive environmental variable of AM fungal species richness. This could have important implications for land management as climate change and human activities continue to threaten vulnerable high-elevation ecosystems.
Hearth, Raechel, ""Examining Continent-scale Variation in Aerial Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Communities Using eDNA" (2022). College of Science and Health Theses and Dissertations. 426.