College of Science and Health Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award

Summer 8-19-2018

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Leonard A. Jason, PhD

Second Advisor

Molly Brown, PhD

Third Advisor

Ed Stevens, PhD


Female ex-offenders with histories of substance abuse face many difficulties upon reentry into the general population, such as acquiring adequate housing. The purpose of this proposal is to explore the relations between housing settings, relationships, and substance use. Two hundred adult females participated in the initial baseline study. Two methods of data analyses were proposed to predict substance use: one clustering participants into groups based on the endorsement of those settings and relationships, and one using multi-level modeling examining housing settings and relationships both independently as well as unique settings comprised of housing setting and relationship. Participants fell into one of three clusters: recovery alone, mutual living with family and friends, and catch all. Participants in homeless, and mutual settings had significantly more usage than participants living in their own house or apartment. Participants that were in controlled, residential and transitional settings had significantly less substance usage than those living in their own house or apartment. Participants that lived with their parents, family, or sexual partner with or without their children had significantly higher substance usage than those living alone. Participants that were living with family were likelier to engage in substance use compared to those living alone. Compared to participants living alone in one’s house or apartment, those living alone in transitional settings were significantly less likely to use substances, and those living alone in homeless settings were significantly more likely to use substance. These results are useful when creating housing plans for incarcerated women before they are released from correctional facilities.

SLP Collection