College of Science and Health Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award

Summer 8-21-2016

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)



First Advisor

Bernadette Roche, EdD

Second Advisor

Karen Kapanke, CRNA, DNP


The purpose of this project was to assess Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists (SRNA) and Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNA) knowledge and attitudes about current interventions using technology to prevent drug diversion. A descriptive survey was sent to current Illinois Association of Nurse Anesthetists members that included SRNAs and CRNAs. The survey was a modified version of the Evidence-based nursing tool originally developed by Upton and Upton (2006) and was coded utilizing a Likert scale. Data were collected from a sample of 145 SRNAs and CRNAs. Knowledge regarding drug diversion was in the neutral range with a mean = 2.64 - 3.66 and SD = 0.85 - 1.24. Responses to attitudes regarding drug diversion were in the neutral range with a mean = 2.83 - 3.99 and SD = 0.83 - 1.35. Attitudes were more positive among females (m= 3.69, sd= 0.76) than males (m= 3.41, sd= 0.78). In addition, attitudes were more positive among those with Doctoral degrees (m= 3.86, sd= 0.56 than those with Master’s degrees (m= 3.48, sd= 0.81;t(83.447) = -3.141, p = .002). Analysis of the survey results found that overall, there were neutral opinions of knowledge and attitudes on drug diversion. Based on the overall neutrality of the results, revisions were made to the original survey. The revised survey was sent to five CRNAs to evaluate the tool for clarity and appropriateness of the survey items. Overall response supported that the revised survey tool may more accurately reflect survey participant knowledge and attitudes in regards to drug diversion. Recommendations for future research include utilization of the new survey tool with a goal of obtaining a larger response rate. Dependent on results, developing an educational tool in the future may help to improve knowledge and increase positive attitudes on the topic of drug diversion.

SLP Collection


Included in

Nursing Commons