Presenter Information

Wendy ClaytonFollow

Start Date

18-8-2017 10:00 AM

End Date

18-8-2017 11:30 AM

Description

Abstract

Background: While investigations into racial cancer disparities have been conducted since cancer screening practices have begun, there are few studies that address barriers to cancer screening behaviors in African Americans particularly within the perspective of nursing. This concept is of particular concern for nurses because nursing personnel have an opportunity and responsibility to impact the overall incidence and mortality of cancers.

Objective: The purposes of this literature review were to identify various barriers to early cancer detection and screening behaviors among African Americans and to evaluate the nursing interventions constituting the nurse’s role in overcoming these barriers.

Method: Research articles were identified using The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source (ProQuest), PubMed, and PsychINFO, published between 2000 and 2016. After inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, fourteen research studies were used in the data analysis.

Results: Fourteen studies focused on breast cancer and prostate cancer screening in African Americans. These studies examined barriers to early cancer detection in this population while also evaluating nursing interventions that addressed obstacles impeding cancer screening

Conclusion: The literature research revealed the nurse’s role in improving cancer screening of African Americans through a wide range of nursing interventions by targeting this disparate population in oncology. Continuing nurse education, the use of specially selected focus groups, patient education, shared decision making, and involvement in multidisciplinary teams have the potential to decrease morbidity and mortality rates associated with cancer screening disparities among American Americans.

Key Words: African American, Cancer Screening, Risk Factors, Nursing Interventions

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Aug 18th, 10:00 AM Aug 18th, 11:30 AM

The Nurse’s Role in Overcoming Barriers to Cancer Screening of African Americans

Abstract

Background: While investigations into racial cancer disparities have been conducted since cancer screening practices have begun, there are few studies that address barriers to cancer screening behaviors in African Americans particularly within the perspective of nursing. This concept is of particular concern for nurses because nursing personnel have an opportunity and responsibility to impact the overall incidence and mortality of cancers.

Objective: The purposes of this literature review were to identify various barriers to early cancer detection and screening behaviors among African Americans and to evaluate the nursing interventions constituting the nurse’s role in overcoming these barriers.

Method: Research articles were identified using The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source (ProQuest), PubMed, and PsychINFO, published between 2000 and 2016. After inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, fourteen research studies were used in the data analysis.

Results: Fourteen studies focused on breast cancer and prostate cancer screening in African Americans. These studies examined barriers to early cancer detection in this population while also evaluating nursing interventions that addressed obstacles impeding cancer screening

Conclusion: The literature research revealed the nurse’s role in improving cancer screening of African Americans through a wide range of nursing interventions by targeting this disparate population in oncology. Continuing nurse education, the use of specially selected focus groups, patient education, shared decision making, and involvement in multidisciplinary teams have the potential to decrease morbidity and mortality rates associated with cancer screening disparities among American Americans.

Key Words: African American, Cancer Screening, Risk Factors, Nursing Interventions