Presenter Information

Jeffrey JamesFollow

Start Date

17-11-2017 10:00 AM

End Date

17-11-2017 11:30 AM

Description

Effects of Anti-Inflammatory Diets on Rheumatoid Arthritis: An Integrative Literature Review

Jeffrey James

Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Elizabeth Hartman

Abstract

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was estimated to have affected 1.5 million adults above the age of 18 in 2005 and rate of incidence has been reported to be increasing. Only 40-60% of rheumatoid arthritis risk can be attributed to genetics. Many studies suggest a link between RA and diet.

Objectives: The aim of this literature review was to investigate whether or not dietary choices could have a significant impact on the development of RA.

Methods: This integrative literature was conducted using keywords “diet, rheumatoid, arthritis, nutrition” to search literature between 1999 and 2016.

Results: Thirteen studies related to the effect of diet on RA revealed mixed results. Risk of developing RA and intensity of symptoms were found to be associated with specific diets and individual foods in some studies. However, most studies found no statistically significant association.

Conclusions: Current research sufficiently suggests a link between diet and RA. However, details regarding mechanisms of action remain unknown. The viability of specific dietary interventions is also still contested. Therefore, dietary intervention to treat RA cannot yet be recommended.

Key words: rheumatoid arthritis, diet, inflammation, nutrition

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Nov 17th, 10:00 AM Nov 17th, 11:30 AM

Effects of Anti-Inflammatory Diets on Rheumatoid Arthritis: An Integrative Literature Review

Effects of Anti-Inflammatory Diets on Rheumatoid Arthritis: An Integrative Literature Review

Jeffrey James

Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Elizabeth Hartman

Abstract

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was estimated to have affected 1.5 million adults above the age of 18 in 2005 and rate of incidence has been reported to be increasing. Only 40-60% of rheumatoid arthritis risk can be attributed to genetics. Many studies suggest a link between RA and diet.

Objectives: The aim of this literature review was to investigate whether or not dietary choices could have a significant impact on the development of RA.

Methods: This integrative literature was conducted using keywords “diet, rheumatoid, arthritis, nutrition” to search literature between 1999 and 2016.

Results: Thirteen studies related to the effect of diet on RA revealed mixed results. Risk of developing RA and intensity of symptoms were found to be associated with specific diets and individual foods in some studies. However, most studies found no statistically significant association.

Conclusions: Current research sufficiently suggests a link between diet and RA. However, details regarding mechanisms of action remain unknown. The viability of specific dietary interventions is also still contested. Therefore, dietary intervention to treat RA cannot yet be recommended.

Key words: rheumatoid arthritis, diet, inflammation, nutrition

 

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