Faculty Advisor

L. Cricel Molina


Mental health affects a large proportion of the population across the world. Though many mental health studies exist, they are inconsistent in methodology, conceptualization of terms, and populations studied; as a result, many studies are incomparable with each other. Further, there is arguably too few studies that focus on marginalized or underrepresented populations. The current study aims to address some of this gap in knowledge. The differences in the way depression is diagnosed and treated in various racial and ethnic groups were identified, and the findings of previous studies were analyzed to help improve the way mental health, and specifically depression, is understood for these groups. A systematic review using three databases was conducted and an analysis of 27 studies was ultimately performed. Differences among races and ethnicities regarding treatment, stigma, and variables affecting diagnoses of depression were found. However, more consistent research is needed on this topic to be able to draw stronger conclusions on racial and ethnic differences in depression and treatment.