This study evaluated effectiveness of a soccer intervention for reducing obesity and increasing academic performance in low-income elementary school children by analyzing data regarding sport participation, academic performance, classroom behavior, and BMI using ANOVAS and Chi-Squared tests. While the intervention did not directly affect weight classification or academic performance, the type of sport(s) students participated in did. Team sport players had significantly higher weights and fared the worst academically, followed by those who played individual sports. Non-athletes fared the best. The type of sport a child played influenced academic persistence, which influenced academic performance.
Tabor, Faye C.
"An Examination of the Effects of Type of Sport Participation on Weight Classification and Academic Achievement: Academic Persistence as a Predictor,"
DePaul Discoveries: Vol. 3
, Article 16.
Available at: http://via.library.depaul.edu/depaul-disc/vol3/iss1/16