Psychology Night Research Posters and Presentations


Megan DeLire

Faculty Sponsor, if applicable

Dr. Verena Graupmann

Project Abstract

All persons experience exclusion and its negative effects during their lives. Exclusion has been shown to reduce a person’s psychological needs and increase negative affect, especially sadness and anger (Williams, 2007; Chow, Tiedens, & Govan, 2008). The distinction between anger and sadness is particularly important due to their differing negative effects on social functioning (Butler et al, 2018; Chow et al, 2008; Liu, 2018). Additionally, research has failed to detangle how the closeness of relationship can impact the emotional intensity of these negative effects. We have hypothesized that exclusion perceived as purposeful will result in anger and that exclusion perceived as accidental will result in sadness. We have also hypothesized that if the participant has a close relationship with the excluder they may experience more intense emotional responses compared to those that have a non-close relationship with their excluder. Undergraduate psychology students at DePaul University completed a survey where they were assigned to one of four conditions (2X2 design) to reflect on a time where they were excluded (IV1: Purposeful vs Non-Purposeful Exclusion; IV2: Close vs Non-Close Relationship). They were then asked questions about the exclusion event, their emotional responses, and their demographic information. Data collection is still in progress.

Type of Research

Department Honors


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Presentation Year