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Body image (Kostanski & Gullone, 1998), perfectionism (Hewitt et al., 2002), and parental psychological control (McLeod, Wood, & Weisz, 2007) are risk factors for anxiety in adolescents. However, the interplay of these specific anxiety predictors has yet to be explored. This study aims to address a gap in the literature by examining a moderated mediation model with perfectionism mediating the relation between body image and anxiety, and parental psychological control moderating the relation between body image and perfectionism in a sample of youth that are of ethnic minority and/or immigrant background (N = 111). This moderated mediation is significant (0.08, 95% CI [0.012, 0.177]). Specifically, perfectionism mediates the relation between body image and anxiety only for individuals who reported high levels of parental psychological control. This study helps to identify factors that are important to anxiety prevention and intervention in youth that are of ethnic minority and/or immigrant background.
Type of Research