Start Date

22-3-2019 10:00 AM

End Date

22-3-2019 11:30 AM

Description

Abstract

Exploring the Barriers for Hispanics Pursuing Careers in Nursing

An Integrative Literature Review

Whitney Bellido & Cristina Dongo

Faculty Sponsor: Elizabeth Aquino PhD, RN

Background: As the Hispanic population continues to be on the rise, the need to diversify the nursing healthcare workforce to mirror the nation’s change is vital. The research establishes that although there are 58.9 million Hispanics living in the U.S., there is only an astonishing 7.2% of Hispanic nurses who are currently practicing the profession. Hispanic nurses who are bilingual can provide culturally sensitive nursing care to this emerging population. A lack of cultural diversity in the workforce has been associated to health disparities. Therefore, the need to adequately supply healthcare professionals that reflects other racial/ethnic composition of the population is essential.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to identify barriers that prevent Hispanics from pursuing a career in nursing. Addressing these barriers can provide suggestions to help increase the number of bilingual and bicultural Hispanic nurses.

Method: An integrative literature review guided by Torraco was conducted using PubMed, CINAHL, ProQuest, SAGE, and DePaul Worldcat Local search engine. A search was conducted using the terms: Latino, Hispanic, nursing career, barrier, nurse, registered nurse, nursing students, and perspective.

Results: There are six fundamentals barriers have contributed to the low numbers of Hispanic nursing professionals. Those reasons include: a lack of financial support, a lack of emotional and moral support, a lack in mentoring, a lack in professional socialization, a lack in academic advising, and technical support. An additional theme addressed—lack of interest—was identified.

Conclusion: The nursing profession is experiencing a shortage, but the shortage of Hispanic nurses is even greater. Thus, addressing and understanding the six main barriers can help better support and prepare Hispanic nursing students to ensure their success in completing their nursing program. If the need is met, then this could decrease the nursing shortage and help to create a more diverse workforce. Additionally, this would also increase culturally competent care that will improve patient outcomes by reducing health disparities.

Key words: Hispanic, nursing, healthcare, diversity, underrepresented

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Mar 22nd, 10:00 AM Mar 22nd, 11:30 AM

Exploring the Barriers for Hispanics Pursuing Careers in Nursing

Abstract

Exploring the Barriers for Hispanics Pursuing Careers in Nursing

An Integrative Literature Review

Whitney Bellido & Cristina Dongo

Faculty Sponsor: Elizabeth Aquino PhD, RN

Background: As the Hispanic population continues to be on the rise, the need to diversify the nursing healthcare workforce to mirror the nation’s change is vital. The research establishes that although there are 58.9 million Hispanics living in the U.S., there is only an astonishing 7.2% of Hispanic nurses who are currently practicing the profession. Hispanic nurses who are bilingual can provide culturally sensitive nursing care to this emerging population. A lack of cultural diversity in the workforce has been associated to health disparities. Therefore, the need to adequately supply healthcare professionals that reflects other racial/ethnic composition of the population is essential.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to identify barriers that prevent Hispanics from pursuing a career in nursing. Addressing these barriers can provide suggestions to help increase the number of bilingual and bicultural Hispanic nurses.

Method: An integrative literature review guided by Torraco was conducted using PubMed, CINAHL, ProQuest, SAGE, and DePaul Worldcat Local search engine. A search was conducted using the terms: Latino, Hispanic, nursing career, barrier, nurse, registered nurse, nursing students, and perspective.

Results: There are six fundamentals barriers have contributed to the low numbers of Hispanic nursing professionals. Those reasons include: a lack of financial support, a lack of emotional and moral support, a lack in mentoring, a lack in professional socialization, a lack in academic advising, and technical support. An additional theme addressed—lack of interest—was identified.

Conclusion: The nursing profession is experiencing a shortage, but the shortage of Hispanic nurses is even greater. Thus, addressing and understanding the six main barriers can help better support and prepare Hispanic nursing students to ensure their success in completing their nursing program. If the need is met, then this could decrease the nursing shortage and help to create a more diverse workforce. Additionally, this would also increase culturally competent care that will improve patient outcomes by reducing health disparities.

Key words: Hispanic, nursing, healthcare, diversity, underrepresented

 

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