Presenter Information

Karolina PtasinskiFollow

Start Date

23-8-2019 9:00 AM

End Date

23-8-2019 11:00 AM

Description

Abstract

Background: The opioid epidemic was a concern within the United States based upon the rising numbers of overdose deaths. Naloxone is the antidote for the adverse effects opioids have on the body, and its lack of viability varies from state to state.

Objective: The purpose of the literature reviews was to analyze the research available on naloxone’s effect during the most recent years of the opioid epidemic. It was to discover the founded effects naloxone had as a take-home drug, along with any correlation between overdose deaths and naloxone usage.

Method: An integrative literature review was used to interpret the current research of how naloxone was affecting the opioid epidemic within the United States. It was an appropriate study design because both quantitative and qualitative research could be reviewed and used in justification for the cause. It was guided by using CINAHL complete, Nursing & Allied Health Database, and PubMed. The search included combinations of the following key words: Naloxone, Narcan, opioid, overdose, abuse, epidemic.

Results: The articles displayed followed the inclusion and exclusion criteria to focus upon the use of naloxone at home, and its efforts to decrease mortality rates in the United States. Naloxone was found to be a life-saving measure during opioid overdoses, and its lack of access and resources caused for limited research. Overall, the articles agreed upon the use of naloxone in the attempts to address the opioid epidemic. The limitations of un-cohesive national availability steered the research to address the lack of accessibility. It was important to emphasize the harm reduction model that was used in these studies to justify the need for more availability to decrease overdose deaths.

Conclusion: Based upon evidence, naloxone provided life-saving measures but was limited in its access to address overdoses in a home setting. The reversal drug posed as a crucial ingredient in the attempt to control the opioid epidemic. Its effects were restricted due to the policies and laws. Naloxone’s correlation between overdose deaths and usage was selective based upon state-by-state regulations.

Key words: Naloxone, Narcan, opioid, overdose, abuse, epidemic.

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Aug 23rd, 9:00 AM Aug 23rd, 11:00 AM

Naloxone’s Presence on the Opioid Epidemic

Abstract

Background: The opioid epidemic was a concern within the United States based upon the rising numbers of overdose deaths. Naloxone is the antidote for the adverse effects opioids have on the body, and its lack of viability varies from state to state.

Objective: The purpose of the literature reviews was to analyze the research available on naloxone’s effect during the most recent years of the opioid epidemic. It was to discover the founded effects naloxone had as a take-home drug, along with any correlation between overdose deaths and naloxone usage.

Method: An integrative literature review was used to interpret the current research of how naloxone was affecting the opioid epidemic within the United States. It was an appropriate study design because both quantitative and qualitative research could be reviewed and used in justification for the cause. It was guided by using CINAHL complete, Nursing & Allied Health Database, and PubMed. The search included combinations of the following key words: Naloxone, Narcan, opioid, overdose, abuse, epidemic.

Results: The articles displayed followed the inclusion and exclusion criteria to focus upon the use of naloxone at home, and its efforts to decrease mortality rates in the United States. Naloxone was found to be a life-saving measure during opioid overdoses, and its lack of access and resources caused for limited research. Overall, the articles agreed upon the use of naloxone in the attempts to address the opioid epidemic. The limitations of un-cohesive national availability steered the research to address the lack of accessibility. It was important to emphasize the harm reduction model that was used in these studies to justify the need for more availability to decrease overdose deaths.

Conclusion: Based upon evidence, naloxone provided life-saving measures but was limited in its access to address overdoses in a home setting. The reversal drug posed as a crucial ingredient in the attempt to control the opioid epidemic. Its effects were restricted due to the policies and laws. Naloxone’s correlation between overdose deaths and usage was selective based upon state-by-state regulations.

Key words: Naloxone, Narcan, opioid, overdose, abuse, epidemic.