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Evelyn NevilleFollow

Start Date

17-8-2018 10:00 AM

End Date

17-8-2018 11:30 AM

Description

Effects of Animal Therapy in Adult Patients with Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective disorder: An Integrative Literature Review

Evelyn Neville

Faculty Sponsor: Barb Harris

Background: While the positive effects animal assisted therapy has shown to have on a general patient population, limited studies have examined the full effect of animal assisted therapy as an adjunct for patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder to improve their lives.

Objectives: The purpose of this literature review was to identify the positive outcomes of adjunct animal assisted therapy on patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and whether or not it is a useful adjunct therapy for these patients.

Method: An integrative literature review was conducted using the databases CINAHL complete, PubMed, UpToDate, ProQuest Nursing and Google Scholar. Search terms such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, animal assisted therapy, equestrian therapy and dog therapy were used in isolation and combination to identify potential research studies.

Results: Five major positive outcomes were identified across the 7 studies reviewed: an increase in social interaction/social functioning, a decrease in negative symptoms, a decrease in anxiety/stress, and an increase in self-esteem and an increase in adherence/motivation for treatment. A majority consensus across the studies was also found to support animal assisted therapy as a worthwhile adjunct treatment to patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder.

Conclusion: Further research will need to be conducted to confirm the findings of this literature review that animal assisted therapy is a positive and worthwhile adjunct therapy for patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder.

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Aug 17th, 10:00 AM Aug 17th, 11:30 AM

Effects of Animal Therapy in Adult Patients with Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective disorder: An Integrative Literature Review

Effects of Animal Therapy in Adult Patients with Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective disorder: An Integrative Literature Review

Evelyn Neville

Faculty Sponsor: Barb Harris

Background: While the positive effects animal assisted therapy has shown to have on a general patient population, limited studies have examined the full effect of animal assisted therapy as an adjunct for patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder to improve their lives.

Objectives: The purpose of this literature review was to identify the positive outcomes of adjunct animal assisted therapy on patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and whether or not it is a useful adjunct therapy for these patients.

Method: An integrative literature review was conducted using the databases CINAHL complete, PubMed, UpToDate, ProQuest Nursing and Google Scholar. Search terms such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, animal assisted therapy, equestrian therapy and dog therapy were used in isolation and combination to identify potential research studies.

Results: Five major positive outcomes were identified across the 7 studies reviewed: an increase in social interaction/social functioning, a decrease in negative symptoms, a decrease in anxiety/stress, and an increase in self-esteem and an increase in adherence/motivation for treatment. A majority consensus across the studies was also found to support animal assisted therapy as a worthwhile adjunct treatment to patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder.

Conclusion: Further research will need to be conducted to confirm the findings of this literature review that animal assisted therapy is a positive and worthwhile adjunct therapy for patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder.