Presenter Information

Georgia WiardFollow

Start Date

17-8-2018 10:00 AM

End Date

17-8-2018 11:30 AM

Description

Abstract

Background: Bystander intervention in gun-related trauma is an aspect of trauma care that has been overlooked. Early interventions, mainly hemorrhage control, in areas with long transport times and without easy access to a trauma I center could decrease mortality in gun related violence.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrated literature review is to explore current literature and determine if bystander intervention in gun-related trauma events decreases mortality and to recommend an evidence-based approach for increasing basic trauma training.

Method: An integrative literature review was conducted to identify the outcomes associated with bystander intervention in gun-related trauma, the availability of first aid training courses, and how this could be accessed by a community. Between October and November 2017 a total of 2 data bases were used to acquire relevant sources: CINAHL and Academic Search Complete.

Results: Aggressive prehospital bystander intervention can reduce the morality resulting from gunshot wounds. A bystander’s willingness to intervene increases with the level of training, type of injury, and a sense of competence to provide care.

Conclusions: This review found a need for further research in the area of bystander intervention in gun-related trauma. A need for increased access and advocacy for basic bleeding control classes was identified.

Keywords: bystander, trauma, trauma care, gunshot, and Chicago

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Aug 17th, 10:00 AM Aug 17th, 11:30 AM

Bystander Intervention to Reduce Mortality in Gun-related Trauma: An Integrated Literature Review

Abstract

Background: Bystander intervention in gun-related trauma is an aspect of trauma care that has been overlooked. Early interventions, mainly hemorrhage control, in areas with long transport times and without easy access to a trauma I center could decrease mortality in gun related violence.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrated literature review is to explore current literature and determine if bystander intervention in gun-related trauma events decreases mortality and to recommend an evidence-based approach for increasing basic trauma training.

Method: An integrative literature review was conducted to identify the outcomes associated with bystander intervention in gun-related trauma, the availability of first aid training courses, and how this could be accessed by a community. Between October and November 2017 a total of 2 data bases were used to acquire relevant sources: CINAHL and Academic Search Complete.

Results: Aggressive prehospital bystander intervention can reduce the morality resulting from gunshot wounds. A bystander’s willingness to intervene increases with the level of training, type of injury, and a sense of competence to provide care.

Conclusions: This review found a need for further research in the area of bystander intervention in gun-related trauma. A need for increased access and advocacy for basic bleeding control classes was identified.

Keywords: bystander, trauma, trauma care, gunshot, and Chicago