Presenter Information

Kaitlyn LynchFollow

Start Date

17-8-2018 10:00 AM

End Date

17-8-2018 11:30 AM

Description

Abstract

Background: The rates of childhood allergies are increasing, prompting the need for continued research. The specific immune reaction to the allergen, peanuts, is the highest reported food allergy in children. The gap in knowledge is regarding the reasons behind the increased prevalence rates and the discrepancies in recommended guidelines for infant introduction of peanuts.

Purpose of Study: The review of studies narrowed down the reasons for prevalence and combined the current research into one integrative review. Additionally, the research standardized protocol recommendations for the early introduction of peanuts in infancy. The integrative review consolidated recent research on peanut prevalence and closed the gap in discrepancies.

Method: This literature review examined the prevention methods prescribed by medical professionals and allergies as a public health issue.This review used the databases CINAHL, PubMed, and Proquest. Search terms included peanut allergies, prevalence, genetic predisposition, and early exposure.

Result: The increased prevalence of peanuts allergies in the pediatric population has tripled in the last 15 years. The research indentified a genetic predisposition, environmental influences, and a hygiene hypothesis as leading causes behind the increased allergy prevalence. The research also stated early introduction of peanuts into an infant’s diet reduces pediatric peanut allergy rates.

Conclusion: Continued research is needed to analyze the information on why there is a dramatic increase in peanut allergy. Researchers have amended guidelines for the early introduction of peanuts for infants but the advice to avoid delaying the allergen is still widespread.

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Aug 17th, 10:00 AM Aug 17th, 11:30 AM

Pediatric Peanut Allergy Prevalence Review

Abstract

Background: The rates of childhood allergies are increasing, prompting the need for continued research. The specific immune reaction to the allergen, peanuts, is the highest reported food allergy in children. The gap in knowledge is regarding the reasons behind the increased prevalence rates and the discrepancies in recommended guidelines for infant introduction of peanuts.

Purpose of Study: The review of studies narrowed down the reasons for prevalence and combined the current research into one integrative review. Additionally, the research standardized protocol recommendations for the early introduction of peanuts in infancy. The integrative review consolidated recent research on peanut prevalence and closed the gap in discrepancies.

Method: This literature review examined the prevention methods prescribed by medical professionals and allergies as a public health issue.This review used the databases CINAHL, PubMed, and Proquest. Search terms included peanut allergies, prevalence, genetic predisposition, and early exposure.

Result: The increased prevalence of peanuts allergies in the pediatric population has tripled in the last 15 years. The research indentified a genetic predisposition, environmental influences, and a hygiene hypothesis as leading causes behind the increased allergy prevalence. The research also stated early introduction of peanuts into an infant’s diet reduces pediatric peanut allergy rates.

Conclusion: Continued research is needed to analyze the information on why there is a dramatic increase in peanut allergy. Researchers have amended guidelines for the early introduction of peanuts for infants but the advice to avoid delaying the allergen is still widespread.

 

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