Collateral-motivated Financial Innovation
Collateral frictions have a profound effect on our economic landscape, ranging from the design of financial securities, laws, and institutions, to various rules and regulations. We analyze a model with disagreement, where securities and collateral requirements are endogenous. It shows that the security that isolates the variable with disagreement is “optimal” in the sense that alternative securities cannot generate any trading. In an economy with N states, investors may introduce more than N securities, and markets are still incomplete. The model has several novel predictions on the behavior of basis—the spread between the prices of an asset and its replicating portfolio.
Collateral-motivated Financial Innovation, (with J. Shen and J. Zhang), Review of Financial Studies, 2014, 27 (10): 2961-2997