Presenter Information

Krista StillsonFollow

Start Date

17-11-2017 10:00 AM

End Date

17-11-2017 11:30 AM

Description

EFFECTS OF CHRONIC ILLNESS ON SELF-IMAGE IN ADOLESCENTS:

AN INTEGRATIVE LITERATURE REVIEW

Krista Stillson

Abstract

Background: Chronic illness can pose more than just pathological effects on an individual. During the vulnerable developmental stage of adolescence, the psychological effects of disease can be equally as damaging. In adolescence, manifestations of chronic illness can cause a distorted self-image which may potentiate negative outcomes such as depression, anxiety and low self-esteem. For this reason, it is important for nurses to be aware of the broad impact that can accompany disease and use interventions to counteract such effects. Implementation of coping interventions can help the adolescent form a healthier self-image and negate psychological distress.

Objective: The purpose of this literature review is to synthesize the research on the effects of chronic illness on self-image of the adolescent by answering the following research questions: “What is the impact on self-image of chronic illness in the adolescent?” and “How does altered self-image fit into the risk and resistance framework?”

Methods: Reviewed articles were aggregated from CINAHL, ProQuest, PubMed, and PsycInfo, by using search terms such as chronic, chronic illness, chronic disease, chronic pain, chronic psychosocial, self-image, self-concept, self-perception, self-esteem, identity, adolescents, and adolescence.

Results: After examination of the literature, the effects of chronic illness on self-image were the following: lowered self-esteem, social anxiety, stress, depression, mood disorders, frustration, embarrassment, loneliness and disordered sleep.

Conclusion: The findings from the literature suggest that the effects of chronic illness on self-image in the adolescent can be severe and warrant medical intervention. The forthcoming challenge is to identify the types of interventions that would be successful. To aid the achievement of this goal, the risk and resistance framework can be used as a guide to develop potential interventions.

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Nov 17th, 10:00 AM Nov 17th, 11:30 AM

Effects of Chronic Illness on Self-Image in Adolescents

EFFECTS OF CHRONIC ILLNESS ON SELF-IMAGE IN ADOLESCENTS:

AN INTEGRATIVE LITERATURE REVIEW

Krista Stillson

Abstract

Background: Chronic illness can pose more than just pathological effects on an individual. During the vulnerable developmental stage of adolescence, the psychological effects of disease can be equally as damaging. In adolescence, manifestations of chronic illness can cause a distorted self-image which may potentiate negative outcomes such as depression, anxiety and low self-esteem. For this reason, it is important for nurses to be aware of the broad impact that can accompany disease and use interventions to counteract such effects. Implementation of coping interventions can help the adolescent form a healthier self-image and negate psychological distress.

Objective: The purpose of this literature review is to synthesize the research on the effects of chronic illness on self-image of the adolescent by answering the following research questions: “What is the impact on self-image of chronic illness in the adolescent?” and “How does altered self-image fit into the risk and resistance framework?”

Methods: Reviewed articles were aggregated from CINAHL, ProQuest, PubMed, and PsycInfo, by using search terms such as chronic, chronic illness, chronic disease, chronic pain, chronic psychosocial, self-image, self-concept, self-perception, self-esteem, identity, adolescents, and adolescence.

Results: After examination of the literature, the effects of chronic illness on self-image were the following: lowered self-esteem, social anxiety, stress, depression, mood disorders, frustration, embarrassment, loneliness and disordered sleep.

Conclusion: The findings from the literature suggest that the effects of chronic illness on self-image in the adolescent can be severe and warrant medical intervention. The forthcoming challenge is to identify the types of interventions that would be successful. To aid the achievement of this goal, the risk and resistance framework can be used as a guide to develop potential interventions.