Start Date

17-11-2017 10:00 AM

End Date

17-11-2017 11:30 AM

Description

Background: Hospitalized children face many stressors that significantly affect their psychological, social, and developmental well-being. Children may experience a number of short- or long-term negative reactions to hospitalization, including sleep disturbances, anxiety, regression, and post-traumatic stress.

Purpose: The aim of this integrative literature review was to identify interventions to promote coping in hospitalized children and to examine their efficacy.

Methods: An integrative literature review was conducted to find relevant articles in the recent literature. Only peer-reviewed articles, published within the past ten years in English, and with full-text available were included. Secondary sources were excluded.

Results: Analysis of the relevant articles produced three main forms of intervention: play, music, and humor. Results of these studies indicated that these interventions may be effective in reducing anxiety, decreasing negative emotions, and increasing coping behaviors.

Discussion: Findings of this review indicate that multiple interventions may be effective in promoting coping in hospitalized children, however there are a limited number of studies in the recent literature and a lack of evidence of their effectiveness. Additionally, no research articles addressing the efficacy of some commonly used interventions, such as animal therapy or art therapy, were discovered. Future research is needed to determine which interventions are effective at promoting adaptation and avoiding negative outcomes.

Keywords: hospitalized child, nursing intervention, coping

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Nov 17th, 10:00 AM Nov 17th, 11:30 AM

Interventions to Promote Coping in Hospitalized Children: An Integrative Review of the Literature

Background: Hospitalized children face many stressors that significantly affect their psychological, social, and developmental well-being. Children may experience a number of short- or long-term negative reactions to hospitalization, including sleep disturbances, anxiety, regression, and post-traumatic stress.

Purpose: The aim of this integrative literature review was to identify interventions to promote coping in hospitalized children and to examine their efficacy.

Methods: An integrative literature review was conducted to find relevant articles in the recent literature. Only peer-reviewed articles, published within the past ten years in English, and with full-text available were included. Secondary sources were excluded.

Results: Analysis of the relevant articles produced three main forms of intervention: play, music, and humor. Results of these studies indicated that these interventions may be effective in reducing anxiety, decreasing negative emotions, and increasing coping behaviors.

Discussion: Findings of this review indicate that multiple interventions may be effective in promoting coping in hospitalized children, however there are a limited number of studies in the recent literature and a lack of evidence of their effectiveness. Additionally, no research articles addressing the efficacy of some commonly used interventions, such as animal therapy or art therapy, were discovered. Future research is needed to determine which interventions are effective at promoting adaptation and avoiding negative outcomes.

Keywords: hospitalized child, nursing intervention, coping

 

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