Title of Original Work

Traité conclu entre les puissances alliées et s.m. l’empereur Napoléon

Author(s) of Translation

Nathaniel J. Hojinacki
Jeff Larsen

Document Type

Translation

Date of Translation Publication

11-16-2009

Original Work Publication Date

1798

Translator's Note

“Traité de Fontainebleau (1814)” or the Treaty of Fontainebleau, is the treaty that ended the first reign of Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte over France on April 11, 1814. The treaty was negotiated by representatives of the Allied Powers- Austria, Hungary, Bohemia, Russia and Prussia- and signed by Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte. The treaty in addition to ending Emperor Napoleon’s rule over France, granted him the island of Elba as an autonomous principality over which Napoleon would have sole power. Emperor Napoleon, after discovering the success of the treaty in the French Senate on April 3rd, attempted a final routing of the allied powers, but failed to successfully relinquish his power in favor of his son with the Empress Josephine as regent. The sovereigns of the Allied Powers were not willing to negotiate this change in leadership, and rejected Napoleon’s attempt to maintain power. Napoleon’s conditional relinquishment was not accepted, and he was left with no military options. He succumbed to his fate of exile on the island of Elba with extremely limited powers. The Treaty of Fontainebleau was signed by the Allied powers on April 11th and ratified by the Senate on April 13th .

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